Women who use cannabis during pregnancy are more likely to give birth to a baby that is premature or has birth defects. The information comes from a study published in the scientific journal Plos One🇧🇷 To arrive at this finding, researchers analyzed data from 1.2 million babies born in Canada between 2012 and 2019.
Of the babies included in the analysis, 2% were exposed to cannabis during pregnancy. Mothers who used the substance also had higher rates of gestational diabetes. However, a limitation of the study is that it is unclear how pregnant women consumed cannabis (i.e. whether they smoked it or ate it).
According to the researchers themselves, this information would be of great importance, because smoking any type of substance, by itself, is already a factor associated with high-risk pregnancies and a greater risk of premature birth, low birth weight and birth defects.
In any case, the scientific community recommends not consuming cannabis in any way during pregnancy. “Beyond what this study showed, we don’t know what other negative impacts future studies will confirm. It’s not worth the risk,” the article’s authors point out.
Those involved recognize, on the other hand, that achieving these findings provides pregnant women with information they can use to make informed choices for their health and the health of their babies. “We hope this new data will encourage people who are or may become pregnant to discuss cannabis use with their healthcare team so that they can prepare for the healthiest pregnancy possible.”